America’s most luxurious liners on the North Atlantic service are the sister ships “Manhattan” and “Washington”, built for the United States Lines in 1931-
THE two finest liners on the United States Line’s service to and from Europe are the Manhattan and the Washington. These luxuriously-
The Manhattan and the Washington have an identical external appearance, with a straight-
Internally, the two ships differ slightly. The Manhattan accommodates 1,239 passengers in cabin, tourist and third classes, and the Washington 1,100 in the three classes, as she has a smaller tourist-
The great liner Manhattan towers above the tug Steinhoft in Hamburg Harbour. The tug is 82 ft 9 in long and the Manhattan 668 ft 5 in long. The Manhattan and her sister ship the Washington are on a regular service between Hamburg and New York. These sister ships are identical in every feature except for certain differences in cabin accommodation.
The two vessels were built in the shipyard of the New York Shipbuilding Company at Camden, New Jersey, on the east side of the Delaware River, opposite Phila-
The Manhattan left New York on her maiden voyage on August 10, 1932. Ten days later, on August 20, the Washington was christened with water from the old spring at Mount Vernon, George Washington’s estate on the Potomac River. She started on her maiden voyage from New York on May 10, 1933.
Launch of the Manhattan, 24,289 tons gross. She was built by the New York Shipbuilding Co, at Camden, New Jersey, on the Delaware River. Her keel was laid on December 6, 1930, and she was launched by Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt on December 5 in the following year.
When these two vessels were put into service they were the fastest passenger liners of the cabin class in the world. They were designed to offer new luxuries at moderate rates. Before the Manhattan and the Washington were built, the St. Louis and the St. Paul, belonging to the American Line, had been the largest American-
Children’s playroom in the United States liner Washington. This playroom is aft on the boat deck and is for the use of the children of cabin-
The dimensions of the two liners are identical. Each has a length of 668 ft 5 in, the moulded beam of each vessel is 86 ft 3 in and the depth to the promenade deck is 75 ft 3 in.
Motive power is supplied by two sets of triple-
There are eight passenger decks in the Manhattan and in the Washington. In addition to the sun deck, boat deck and promenade deck, there are five passenger decks-
Each of the standard lifeboats, which are built of copper-
On the boat deck aft are the cabin-
The officers’ quarters are in two houses on the boat deck. The captain’s office, stateroom and bathroom are on the starboard side forward, and the chief officers’ quarters to port. Navigating officers, wireless operators and a few engineer officers occupy the rest of the cabins forward. In the after-
The eight passenger decks of the Manhattan are shown in this sketch. The sun deck is amidships above the boat deck. F Deck is a small deck extending forward of the machinery space and not used by passengers. The grand salon can be seen reaching from the promenade deck to the boat deck. The external appearance of the Manhattan is identical with that of the Washington.
The public rooms on the promenade deck represent the height of magnificence and luxury. Aft is a café decorated in the Venetian style and opening onto a games deck. The smoking lounge, with its log fire, surrounds the passenger with the atmosphere of pioneer America. The murals by Lazzarini depict the life of the Redskins.
Forward of this lounge are the Elizabethan library and the Hepplewhite writing-
Below, on A and B Decks, are twelve suites, each with living-
The cabin foyer on B Deck is spacious and has been arranged for use as a lounge. The beauty parlour, manicure parlour and barber’s shop adjoin this lounge. The doctor’s surgery and dispensary are aft, adjoining the tourist lobby.
On C Deck are the main dining-
Designed built and installed by the New York Shipbuilding Company, the propelling machinery develops a normal output of 30,000 shaft horse-
Astern power is provided for in every unit. The high-
For the propelling machinery, turbo-
Bound for Europe, the Washington leaves Pier 60 on the North or Hudson River in the Port of New York. Her next port of call is Cobh (Queenstown) Ireland. She then goes to Hamburg, pitting in at Plymouth and Havre. Westbound she calls at Havre and Southampton. The Washington and her sister ship the Manhattan attain a speed of over twenty knots.
Independent forced lubrication systems are installed for the port and starboard propelling unite. The oil is drawn from sump tanks under the reduction gears and pumped through duplex strainers and oil coolers to the bearings. A gravity tank is installed at a height to maintain pressure on the discharge system and to ensure a supply in the event of pump failure. Any fall of oil pressure below a certain amount automatically closes the main steam bulkhead valves. There are four lubricating-
An auxiliary space is provided at the centre-
The veranda café of the Washington situated aft on the promenade deck. This large room is decorated in the Venetian style, with iron-
The starting platform is arranged for the greatest ease of operation. All telegraphs, gauges and indicator lights are in convenient positions. The gauge-
401 Tons of Silver
All the details described above apply to both the Manhattan and the Washington. The construction of the ships’ hulls is similarly identical. The steel hull is built with transverse framing. The depth of the double bottom is 6 ft 2-
The vertical keel is continuous between the peak bulkheads and watertight except in way of double-
To minimize rolling, bilge keels, 15-
Navigation equipment includes a gyroscopic compass system and a Sperry gyro pilot for automatic steering. In 1934 the Manhattan was equipped experimentally with a fog camera to determine the position of other ships within a range of from three to five miles, according to the density of the fog.
One of the biggest shipments of silver ever sent across the Atlantic Ocean was carried on board the Washington in August 1934. The cargo consisted of 12,125 bars of silver, weighing 401 tons and valued at £1,266,100
The sister ships Washington and Manhattan have established themselves among the most popular ships in the transatlantic service.
The SS Manhattan as depicted on the cover of part 22 by Harry Hudson Rodmell.
[From part 22, published 7 July 1936]