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The “England”


ON the often stormy route across the North Sea between Esbjerg, the Danish port on the west coast of Jutland, and Harwich, in Essex, a daily service is maintained by the United Steamship Company of Copenhagen. The passage in either direction occupies twenty-three to twenty-four hours, with fast train connexions at either end, Esbjerg being linked by rail with Copenhagen and Harwich with London. The vessels may aptly be described as “all-purpose” ships, for they carry not only passengers, but also refrigerated produce, general cargo and mails. To maintain a daily service in either direction, except Sundays, there are four vessels. They are diesel-driven and are of what is known as awning deck type.

The North Sea passenger mail and cargo ship England

As will be seen from the plans, there is ample and comfortable passenger accommodation. This is arranged amidships in a two-decks structure on the awning deck, with further cabins in the ’tween decks for first-class passengers and accommodation for third-class passengers towards the after end. The promenade deck contains the lounge, smoking-room and a comfortable music-room. The first-class dining saloon is in the upper ’tween decks just forward of amidships. The crew is accommodated in the forecastle. There are two masts, round which are grouped 2-tons, 3-tons and 6-tons derricks. The profile is completed by a graceful raking funnel, two pole masts, a straight stem and a counter stern.

The England is the newest ship of the fleet and was completed in April 1932. She has accommodation for 108 first-class and 82 third-class passengers. Her four cargo holds carry 94,500 cubic feet of cargo, of which 51,260 cubic feet are refrigerated. She has a deadweight tonnage of 1,750 and gross tonnage of 2,767, the dimensions being 306 ft 3 in by 44 ft 2 in by 25 ft 11 in. For her size she is fast, being able to run at about 15½ knots in loaded condition when drawing 18 ft 2 in of water and using 13 tons of oil every 24 hours. Propulsion is by two Burmeister & Wain four-cycle single-acting engines, each having six cylinders 21.68 in diameter and 35.43 in stroke, 3,140 bhp being developed at 195 revolutions of the screw. Electricity is used throughout for auxiliary purposes.

You can read more on “Fruit-Carrying Ships”, “The Klipparen” and “Refrigerated Ships” on this website.