Germany’s two luxury liners, the “Bremen” and the “Europa”, have not only played an important part in their country’s mercantile revival, but have added also an immortal chapter to the history of transatlantic travel
THE PRIDE OF A NATION -
A great liner’s departure from port rouses feelings of high hope, adventure and romance. It is a big moment and even the most hardened traveller does not become wholly accustomed to it. Sometimes this departure is accompanied by ceremony and festivities. When the R.M.S. Empress of Britain leaves, many-
The departure of the two German super-
These two ships are sister ships and were launched on successive days in August, 1928. Their dimensions are approximately the same: thus if we describe one ship we also describe the other. They were both holders of the coveted Blue Riband of the Atlantic. The Bremen crossed from Cherbourg to New York in 4 days 17 hours 42 minutes, beating the Mauretania’s record of 5 days 3 hours 14 minutes. The Bremen’s average speed on the westbound trip was 27·83 knots. On the return, or eastbound, trip she created yet another record, completing the trip in 4 days 14 hours 30 minutes, at an average speed of 27·91 knots. These times have since been bettered by the Bremen.
With an overall length of 938 ft 8-
Universal admiration was accorded to the fine performance of the Bremen. After her first triumphant westbound trip to New York, the ship remained there for five days, during which time some 70,000 people visited her. On the homeward voyage the Bremen set up another record, covering the eastward crossing at an average speed of 27·91 knots in four days fourteen hours thirty minutes.
Another innovation gained the Bremen a slight increase in speed. The plates on the hull overlap forward instead of aft, so that as the water runs along the side of the ship it meets a series of blunt edges. These experiments, which are common to both ships, have been followed with intense interest by the shipping world, and they have proved to be successful.
If the Bremen and the Europa are fast ships they are also comfortable ships, two qualities which, in the past, have not always gone together. If a passenger wishes to get to America in fewer than five days he also wants to get there in comfort, and the owners of the Bremen and the Europa were determined from the outset that this should be so. Comfort must not be sacrificed on the altar of speed. The future of shipping may see faster and larger ships than the two vessels that have done so much towards regaining German maritime power and prestige, but they must all provide comfort. The passengers, numbering over 2,000 in either ship, have accommodation that is unsurpassed in its luxury.
In the suites de luxe, no two sets are decorated alike. These suites de luxe are situated in the middle section of B Deck, on both the port and starboard sides of the ship. A special ante-
The public rooms in the first-
Adjoining this is the famous Porcelain Room, which contains the special dining-
All the public rooms in the Bremen call for description, but they are so numerous that they need a chapter to themselves. In this great ship there is so much to see, however, and we have little time in which to see it. Thus we must content ourselves with a visit to parts that can be accepted as typical of the design and lay-
SPECIAL UNSINKABLE LIFEBOATS form part of the equipment of the Bremen and the Europa. All the lifeboats are motor-
From the ante-
resort. An air-
Realism is obtained from constantly-
In every way the Bremen and the Europa live up to the title of floating cities. There is no amenity of civilized life that cannot be obtained in either of these super-
CLEANERS AT WORK on the funnels of one of the great German liners. The two funnels of the Bremen are 49 by 20 feet in diameter. Those of the sister-
Nor are the children neglected. A passenger can take his children in either of these ships, happy in the knowledge that the juvenile playrooms will occupy the children’s attention throughout the voyage. These rooms contain many attractions, including a variety of toys, a Punch and Judy show and a Christmas-
for a trip on either of these two vessels at the shortest possible notice, and without having to make any special preparations so far as clothes are concerned. This is true, since the ships have a variety of shops. The shopping promenade in the Bremen is world-
THE SWIMMING POOL in the Europa is 36 feet long and 19½ feet wide and lined with blue-
The Europa has no shopping promenade, but she is equally well supplied with shops.
Now we must take a trip behind the scenes. We must see and admire the organization that enables these two leviathans to be the acme of comfort, speed and safety. Let us go down into the engine-
The Europa is equipped with a steam turbine plant consisting of four large geared turbine aggregates. Each set is composed of a high-
84,000 shaft hp, which, to attain a speed of, say, 27 knots, must be increased to 105,000 shaft hp.
The boiler plant is also divided into two separate and independent main groups. It consists of twenty water-
AT THE WHEEL. The helmsman in the wheel-
If the engines are of no direct concern to the passengers, other machinery is. The total passenger accommodation in the Bremen is 2,147, and in the Europa 2,164. These passengers have to be fed at least four times a day. Thus it is of vital importance that the stores and perishable foods should be fresh throughout the voyage, A special refrigerating plant has been fitted for this purpose. The cooling capacity of this plant is some 400,000 calories an hour. From this plant brine conduits are laid to the
numerous refrigerators, the fresh water coolers and also to the air coolers.
Electric lights, electric current for the operation of the twenty-
When either the Bremen or the Europa passes another ship at night she lights up her name, the letters of which are prominently displayed on the starboard and port sides of the sun-
There have been many “unsinkable” ships. The history of the sea is besmirched with the tragic untruth of this description. But it can be said of the Bremen and the Europa that two safer ships have never been launched. The pumps and auxiliary plants in these vessels are driven partly by steam and partly by electricity. A vast reserve power is on hand so that the working of the ship cannot be handicapped or endangered.
THE EUROPA BY NIGHT. This ship made her first outward voyage to New York in March, 1930. The vessel maintained an almost continuous speed of 28 knots and crossed the Atlantic in four days seventeen hours six minutes, thus beating the record of her sister ship Bremen by thirty-
Both ships have a double bottom that runs the length of the vessels from bow to stern and is sub-
The lifeboat apparatus in these ships is unsurpassed. The Bremen and the Europa have large unsinkable lifeboats, which are motor-
The horror of shipwreck has no place on a voyage in either of these large liners, nor does the fire terror -
Fire alarms, operated by pressing a button, are distributed throughout the ships. In front of the two funnels in either ship, two electric fog-
Even this is not the limit to the number of safety devices. These include the long and short-
We cannot conclude our brief tour of these two ships without a reference to the catapult aeroplane in the Bremen. This device enables the mails to reach Bremerhaven or New York many hours earlier than if they had been transhipped in the usual way. Three days have been saved on the delivery of mails between New York and Berlin.
The catapult plant itself is erected on a wheel-
Ships of beauty, record-
AN ELECTRICAL GUIDE in the Bremen, to enable passengers to find their way about the decks of the vast ship. The passenger presses the appropriate button, and his route is illuminated on the panel.
[From part 6, published 17 March 1936]