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Shipping Wonders of the World

Part 29


Part 29 of Shipping Wonders of the World was published on Tuesday 25th August 1936.


This issue included a colour plate illustrating the Breaksea lightship in the Bristol Channel, which formed part of the article on the Port of Bristol. The plate was attached to page 909 of part 29.






The Cover


This week’s cover shows the famous old-time racing cutter Mohawk, her lee-rail awash. In 1896, the Mohawk won the Royal Yacht Squadron’s Queen’s Cup. Her owner at that time was Major Orr-Ewing.

The racing cutter "Mohawk"


Contents of Part 29


Hazards of the Sea

A Launch That Failed

The Port of Bristol

The Breaksea Lightship in the Bristol Channel (colour plate)

The Battle of Salamis

The Standard Motor Tramp

Early Marine Boilers

Fruit-Carrying Ships

Ross in the Antarctic


The Port of Bristol


In the City Docks and in the docks at Portishead and Avonmouth are ample facilities for the handling of general cargoes. Most of the import of bananas from the Caribbean to Great Britain is handled at Avonmouth, where also are up-to-date granaries and oil storage installations. Bristol has been a great port from the earliest days of British seafaring, when nearly all our great mariners came from the West Country. From Bristol the Cabots set sail in 1497 to discover Newfoundland. Bristol was, in fact, the port of the Merchant Venturers, and to-day it still retains its former greatness and is one of the leading ports of the British Isles. Bristol’s principal imports are bananas, oil and grain, apart from general cargoes. This chapter is by Sidney Howard and is the ninth article in the series on Great Ports of the World.

(Pages 908-912)

A Launch That Failed


A two-page photo-feature on the Principessa Jolanda, launched on September 22, 1907.

(Pages 906-907)



Standard Motor Tramp


The Sunderland firm of Doxford has long specialized in this class of vessel, and the ship illustrated was completed in 1930. The Peebles is a shelter-decker, with a deadweight tonnage of 9,200 and a draught of 24 ft 8 in, her dimensions being 422 ft 9 in by 54 ft 3 in by 28 ft 8 in. She is propelled by a two-cycle opposed-piston Doxford diesel engine, developing 1,800 bhp at 115 revolutions. This is the twenty-first article in the series on Merchant Ship Types.

(Page 920)



Hazards of the Sea


The story of sailing vessels that were used as trap-ships and decoys during the war of 1914-18, concluded from part 28.

(Pages 901-905)



Fruit-Carrying Ships


The carriage of fruit presents special problems to the shipowner, for it is impossible to mix citrous and non-citrous fruit cargoes, because the one will spoil the other. Modern fruit ships are among the fastest cargo ships afloat. This chapter is by A C Hardy and describes the conditions prevailing in the fruit trade to-day, deals with the general design of the fruit ship and gives details of the most interesting vessels employed in the trade.

This is the fourth article in the series Romance of the Trade Routes.

(Pages 924-928)


The Battle of Salamis


Under the leadership of King Xerxes, an immense Persian army, supported by a fleet of unexampled size, invaded Greece in 480 BC. Undaunted by this menace, the allied Greeks met the Persian fleet in the strait between the island of Salamis and the Greek mainland, and totally defeated the invader. The Battle of Salamis was one of the first great naval battles, where the ships of the colossal Persian Empire were defeated by the superior tactics of the much smaller Greek fleet, just as many hundreds of years later our own small British ships defeated the Invincible Armada. This chapter is written by Lieut.-Com. E. Keble Chatterton and is the first article in the series on Decisive Naval Actions.

(pages 913-919)

The Breaksea Lightship by Charles Pears

The Breaksea Lightship in the Bristol Channel

THE BREAKSEA LIGHTSHIP IN THE BRISTOL CHANNEL is the subject of this arresting picture by Charles Pears, ROI. The artist has illustrated a most important event in the life to the men who operate the lightship - relief and provisions being brought on board from a Trinity House tender. The Breaksea lightship is well known to navigators in the Bristol Channel. She has a red hull and carries a ball at her masthead. Her light shows one white flash every fifteen seconds and is visible at a distance of eleven miles. Her fog siren when in operation gives one blast of two and a half seconds every twenty seconds. Her submarine fog bell gives three quick strokes followed by an interval of ten seconds. The lightship’s position is lat. 51° 20’ N, long. 3°18’ W, off the Glamorganshire coast.

  (Attached to page 909)



Early Marine Boilers


Ships’ boilers at first were built on the lines of early land steam boilers, but before long improvements were incorporated to make the boilers more suitable for marine purposes.

This chapter is by F E Dean and is the eighth article in the series Marine Engines and Their Story.

(Pages 921-923)



Ross in the Antarctic


With the famous sailing ships Erebus and Terror, Captain Sir James Clark Ross, the intrepid explorer and keen scientist, sailed through the pack-ice in search of the supposed Antarctic Continent in 1840-43. Ross was the first man to reach the Antarctic Continent which lay beyond the ice-pack that had turned back so many of the early explorers.

This chapter is by Lieut.-Com. R T Gould and is the fifth article in the series on Epics of Exploration. It is concluded in part 30.

(Pages 929-932)